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TB 55-1900-232-10
APPENDIX N
GLOSSARY
Aerodynamic resistance
The force created by the movement of air against a solid body
Alongside "Chinese"
Denotes that two ships are alongside each other such a manner that the stern of one is facing the same direction
as the bow of the other
Anchor hawk
A device used to recover lost chains, wire rope, etc.
Anchor windlass
The machine used to hoist and lower anchors.
Ancillary equipment
Equipment that supports the operation of a system's principal components or assemblies.
Appendage drag
The hydrodynamic force created by the resistance of underwater appurtenances such as rudders, skegs, struts,
Assembly
Compatible parts fitted together for a common usage.
Athwart
Lying at right angles to the fore-and-aft axis of a ship, sometimes pronounced "thwart- ships"
Automatic
Self-moving, operating by itself, regulating itself, done with automatic equipment
Automatic tension towing machine
Winch-like machine which relieves tension on the towline by automatically paying out and then reclaiming wire
when the tension is reduced.
Auxiliary towline
A spare or secondary hawser used for multiple emergency tows.
Auxiliary vessel
A vessel that maintains, supplies or supports combatants.
Bail
The part of a pelican hook or chain stopper that holds the hook closed
Barrel
The rotating drum of a capstan or winch
Batten
A strip of wood or steel used to keep tarpaulins in place over a hatch
Beach gear
A generic term for specialized ground tackle, purchases and ancillary equipment used to extract a grounded ship.
Beam
A ship's breadth at its widest point; any of the heavy, horizontal crosspieces of a ship.
Beam ends
Term describing the situation where a vessel is hove over or listed until her deck beams approach vertical
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