3-165.2. EXHAUST VALVE - MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS (Continued).
c. EXHAUST VALVE MAINTENANCE (Cont)
(3) Lubricating oil and oil filters should be changed periodically to avoid the accumulation of sludge.
Use only good quality oil as specified for the engine.
(4) Unsuitable fuels may also cause formation of deposits on the valves, especially when operating at
(5) When carbon deposits, due to partially burned fuel, build up around the valve stems and extend to
that portion of the stem which operates in the valve guide, sticking valves will result. Thus, the
valves cannot seat properly, and pitted and burned valves and valve seats and loss of compression
(6) Valve sticking may also result from valve stems which have been scored due to foreign matter in the
lubricating oil, leakage of anti-freeze (glycol) into the lubricating oil which forms a soft, sticky carbon
and gums the valve stems, and bent or worn valve guides. Sticking valves may eventually result in
valves being held in the open position, being struck by the piston and becoming bent or broken.
(7) It is highly important that injector timing and valve clearance be accurately adjusted and inspected
periodically. Improperly timed injectors will have adverse effects upon combustion. Tightly adjusted
valves will cause rapid pitting of the valve seats and a hotter running condition on the valve stems.
(8) The cylinder head must first be removed before the exhaust valves, valve seat inserts, or valve
guides can be removed for replacement or reconditioning. However, the valve springs may be
removed without removing the cylinder head, if necessary.