or misaligning the machinery. Engineering repair parties must be prepared to isolate such damage quickly and use the
damage control pipe and tank patching kits expeditiously to restore fuel and lube oil to the engines and generators.
Likewise, the hull systems (e.g., fire main and drainage) are likely to suffer. Local structural damage may include holes
in decks and bulkheads, plus the warping of door and hatch frames so that closed fittings leak and open fittings cannot be
closed. Repair parties must be trained in the patching and shoring of decks, bulkheads, door and hatch frames to
maintain watertight integrity. Fittings are also sometimes rendered inoperable by fragments.
Toxic gases. The detonation of any high-explosive substance liberates smoke and noxious fumes. If
confined within the ship, these vapors have a toxic effect on personnel and may cause severe illness or death. The
ordinary protective mask gives little protection against such gases within the ship, since it does not provide a source of
oxygen. The fumes from the explosion are frequently augmented by smoke from ensuing fires. To enter and work in
such compartments, personnel must wear oxygen-breathing apparatus or an air-line hose mask.
Section VII. STABILITY REQUIRED AND STABILITY AVAILABLE
5-24. STABILITY REOUIREMENTS. In determining the stability characteristics required to insure that the LSV will be
seaworthy in the intact condition and capable of surviving the greatest practical amount of underwater damage, the
following factors, among others, are considered:
Heeling effect of beam winds of typhoon force against the intact ship.
Residual stability after damage.
Heeling effect of un-symmetrical flooding after damage.
Reserve buoyancy after damage.
For the LSV, the greatest practical amount of underwater damage is limited by reserve buoyancy
e. The stability characteristics and the reserve buoyancy of these ships are such that a satisfactory condition of
stability and reserve buoyancy will exist after the flooding of any one compartment providing:
The specified limiting drafts are not exceeded before damage,